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专升本英语同义词辨析(一)《成人高考考点》

来源:www.shandong-edu.com    时间:2021-01-13 15:01:57    作者:山东成人高考
       用于姓氏的复数形式前,表示一家人或夫妇俩。
  The Lius have moved to Guangzhou.
  The Simths came to China for visit in 1996.
  不可数名词前面通常不加定冠词,但若有限制性定语修饰,或表示特定部分、特定内容时,前面需加定冠词。
  Drink some water.
  Is the water in the well fit for drink?
  What do you think of the music?
  He cant take the advice his mother gives him
  不加冠词的基本规则
  季节、月份、日期前一般不加冠词。
  If winter comes can spring be far behind?
  We have few classes on Sunday.
  10.1 is National Day.
  表示球类、棋类、三顿饭的名词前通常不加冠词,但乐器前需加定冠词。
  What did you have for lunch?
  Dinner is ready.
  Lets go watch them play chess.
  My elder brother likes to play football.
  The boys are learnig to play the guitar.
  play the piano
  play the violin
  用于形容词前面,代表一类人或东西。
  the poor 穷人 the rich 富人 the wounded 受伤的人
  the sick 生病的人 the beautiful 美丽的事物 the old 老年人
  the young 年青人
  用于表示世界上独一无二的东西的名词前面。
  the moon, the sun, the earth
  The moon moves aroud the earth.
  We have friends all over the world.
  Dont build castles in the air.
  用于序数词、方位名词、形容词与副词的最高级前面,副词最高级前面的the 可以省略。
  January is the first month of the year.
  The sun rises in the east.
  Japan lies to the east of China.
  Beijing lies in the north of China.
  Irellies on the Great Britain.
  At the Childrens Palace, some children learn to play the piano, others learn to play the violin.
  Last week we went to the theatre.
  Among the three girls she speaks English the best.
  “东、南、西、北”作副词时,前面不加冠词。
  We are walking south.
  形容词最高级前若有物主代词,就不加定冠词。
  Monday is my busiest day.
  ability capacity faculty talent skill competence aptitude
  These nouns denote the qualities in a person that permit or facilitate achievement or accomplishment.
  这些名词都表示某人具有取得进步或成功的素质。
  Ability is the power,mental or physical,to do something:
  Ability 是指智力或体力上具有做某事的能力:
  “To make a fortune some assistance from fate is essential. Ability alone is insufficient” (Ihara Saikaku)。
  “要致富,光靠能力是不够的,还得看机遇”(伊哈拉。塞科古)。
  Capacity refers to an innate potential for growth,development,or accomplishment:
  Capacity 指天赋的,如生长、发展或成功的潜力:
  “Not by age but by capacity is wisdom acquired” (Plautus)。
  “智慧的获得是依靠才能而不是年龄”(普洛提斯)。
  Faculty denotes an inherent power or ability:
  Faculty 指内在的力量或能力:
  An unerring faculty for detecting hypocrisy is one of her most useful attributes.
  能无误地看出伪善的能力是她身上最有用的特征之一。
  Talent emphasizes inborn ability,especially in the arts:
  Talent 强调天生的才能,尤其是在艺术方面:
  “There is no substitute for talent. Industry all the virtues are of no avail” (Aldous Huxley)。
  “勤奋及其他的品质都不能弥补天分的不足”(阿尔多斯。赫胥黎)。
  Skill stresses ability that is acquired or developed through experience:
  Skill 强调由经验而获得或发展的能力:
  “The intellect,character skill possessed by any man are the product of certain original tendencies the training which they have received” (Edward L. Thorndike)。
  “任何人的知识、性格和能力都是由起初的兴趣加上后来接受的训练而得到的。”(爱德华L.桑戴克)。
  Competence suggests the ability to do something satisfactorily but not necessarily outstandingly well:
  Competence 指能做到使人满意但并不一定特别出众的能力:
  The concerto was performed by a violinist of unquestioned competence but limited imagination.
  小提琴家所演奏的协奏曲毫无疑问是出色的,但是缺乏想像力。
  Aptitude implies inherent capacity for learning,understanding,or performing:
  Aptitude 暗指内在的学习、理解和表演的才能:
  Even as a child he showed an unusual aptitude for mathematics.
  甚至孩童时他就显露出非同一般的数学才能。
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